Environmental change in the subtropics during the late middle Eocene greenhouse and global implications Academic Article uri icon


  • Oxygen isotope records from ODP Site 1052 (Blake Nose, subtropical North Atlantic Ocean) indicate significant short-term, high-amplitude variability (up to 1.4%0 in about 2500 to 4000 years) during the late middle Eocene (37.9-37.5 Ma). These variations reflect a combination of changes in sea surface temperature and the oxygen isotope composition of the regional seawater. In order to independently evaluate the magnitude of SST changes at Blake Nose and better understand the nature of environmental change during the late middle Eocene, we present planktonic foraminiferal Mg/Ca data combined with 18O data from the same samples. The calculated Mg/Ca paleotemperatures indicate a decrease in SSTs over the study interval from 33 to 28C at the same time that previously published foraminiferal 18Ocalcite values from the same samples also decrease. Thus, the 18Ocalcite values must reflect a significant component of seawater 18O change in order to reconcile the opposite paleotemperature trends reflected by both proxies. Calculated 18Oseawater values decreased from 3% at 37.83 Ma to 2% at 37.6 Ma. The combined trends of the SST and 18Oseawater cannot be explained by an increase of continental ice over this time interval. Instead, the data favor an overall weakening of the hydrological cycle as global climate transitioned from the greenhouse to icehouse. 2009 by the American Geophysical Union.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Okafor, C. U., Thomas, D. J., Wade, B. S., & Firth, J.

citation count

  • 9

complete list of authors

  • Okafor, Chioma U||Thomas, Deborah J||Wade, Bridget S||Firth, John

publication date

  • January 1, 2009 11:11 AM