Estradiol and a selective estrogen receptor modulator affect steroid hormone receptor messenger RNA levels and turnover in explant cultures of sheep endometrium. Academic Article uri icon


  • Estrogens upregulate estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) gene expression in endometrium immediately before ovulation to prepare it for nurturing embryos. Most in vitro model systems have lost the ability to upregulate expression of the ER gene in response to estradiol (E2) or the ability to express the ER gene at all. Here, we used explant cultures from control and E2-treated ewes and assessed expression of four genes (ER, PR, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase [GAPDH], and cyclophilin [CYC] genes) that are upregulated by E2 in vivo on Northern blots. In cultures from control and E2-treated ewes, ER and PR messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) levels dropped significantly during 24 h of culture in the absence of E2. Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase mRNA levels increased 300% in explants from control ewes to match the higher levels in the endometrium of the E2-treated ewe (in vivo and in explant culture). The only effect of E2 in the explant cultures was to prevent the decrease in PR mRNA. The new selective ER modulator, EM-800 (EM), decreased ER and PR mRNA levels in explants from control ewes but upregulated GAPDH and CYC mRNA levels. The EM treatment in vitro mimicked that of E2 by increasing the half-life of ER mRNA in endometrial explants. These data illustrate distinct, gene-specific effects of the explant culture process, E2, and EM on the expression of endometrial genes.

published proceedings

  • In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim

author list (cited authors)

  • Farnell, Y. Z., & Ing, N. H.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Farnell, Yuhua Z||Ing, Nancy H

publication date

  • November 2002