Oestradiol up-regulates oestrogen receptor, cyclophilin, and glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase mRNA concentrations in endometrium, but down-regulates them in liver. Academic Article uri icon


  • Oestradiol regulates reproductive physiology and cardiovascular health in women. In the endometrium of ovariectomized ewes, previous work demonstrated that a single dose of oestradiol (50 microg) up-regulates oestrogen receptor-alpha (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) gene expression within 24 h. Here we compared responses to different doses of oestradiol and different dosing regimens in two diverse tissues: endometrium and liver. ER, c-fos, cyclophilin and glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) mRNA concentrations were analyzed on replicate RNA slot blots in both tissues, while PR and apolipoprotein AI (apo AI) mRNA concentrations were only analyzed in endometrium or liver, respectively. Along with ER mRNA, oestradiol strongly up-regulated GAPDH and cyclophilin mRNA concentrations in endometrium. In liver, however, oestradiol down-regulated them, along with apo AI mRNA. Responses to different doses and dose regimens, including repeated 50 microg doses, were similar to those evoked by a single 50 microg dose of oestradiol. Thus, oestradiol appears to have all-or-none effects which include up-regulation of ER, cyclophilin and GAPDH gene expression in endometrium and down-regulation of ER, apo AI, cyclophilin and GAPDH gene expression in liver. These results illustrate the sharp contrast between two mammalian tissues in their responses to physiological levels of oestradiol.

published proceedings

  • J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol

author list (cited authors)

  • Zou, K., & Ing, N. H.

citation count

  • 47

complete list of authors

  • Zou, K||Ing, NH

publication date

  • January 1998