A Predictive Model for Preliminary Gas Turbine Blade Cooling Analysis Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • The growing trend to achieve a higher Turbine Inlet Temperature (TIT) in the modern gas turbine industry requires, in return, a more efficient and advanced cooling system design. Therefore, a complete study of heat transfer is necessary to predict the thermal loadings in the turbine vane/blade. To estimate the metal temperatures, it is important to simulate the external hot gas flow condition, the conduction in the blade material, and the internal coolant flow characteristics accurately and simultaneously. As a result, proposing novel, quicker, and more convenient ways to study the heat transfer behavior of gas turbine blades is of absolute necessity. In the current work, a predictive model for the gas turbine blade cooling analysis in the form of a computer program has been developed to answer this need. The program is capable of estimating distribution of coolant mass flow rate, internal pressure and metal temperature of a turbine blade based on external and internal boundary conditions. The simultaneous solutions result from the coupled equations of mass and energy balance. The model is validated by showing its accuracy to predict the temperature distributions of a NASA E3 blade with an uncertainty of less than +/−10%. Later, this paper documents the overall analysis for a set of different boundary conditions with the same blade model (E3) and demonstrates the capability of the program to extend for other cases as well.

author list (cited authors)

  • Chowdhury, N., Zirakzadeh, H., & Han, J.

complete list of authors

  • Chowdhury, Nafiz HK||Zirakzadeh, Hootan||Han, Je-Chin

publication date

  • January 1, 2015 11:11 AM