Heat Transfer Coefficients Over a Flat Surface With Air and CO2 Injection Through Compound Angle Holes Using a Transient Liquid Crystal Image Method Conference Paper uri icon


  • This paper presents the detailed heat transfer coefficients over a flat surface with one row of injection holes inclined streamwise at 35 for three blowing ratios (M=0.52.0). Three compound angles of 0, 45, and 90 with air (D.R.=0.98) and CO2 (D.R.=1.46) as coolants were tested at an elevated free-stream turbulence condition (Tu8.5%). The experimental technique involves a liquid crystal coating on the test surface. Two related transient tests obtained detailed heat transfer coefficients and film effectiveness distributions. Heat transfer coefficients increase with increasing blowing ratio for a constant density ratio but decrease with increasing density ratio for a constant blowing ratio. Heat transfer coefficients increase for both coolants over the test surface as the compound angle increases from 0 to 90. The detailed heat transfer coefficients obtained using the transient liquid crystal technique, particularly in the near hole region, will provide a better understanding of the film cooling process in gas turbine components.

name of conference

  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration

published proceedings

  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration

author list (cited authors)

  • Ekkad, S. V., Zapata, D., & Han, J.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Ekkad, Srinath V||Zapata, Dyrk||Han, Je-Chin

publication date

  • June 1995