Reduction of Pathogens Using Hot Water and Lactic Acid on Beef Trimmings
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Beef trimmings from young or mature beef cattle were obtained commercially. Trimmings within age type then were inoculated with about 6.0 log10 CFU/mL of rifampicin-resistant. Escherichia coliO157:H7 and Salmonella typhimurium (ATCC 13311) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments (control; 95 °C hot water alone, or with 2% L-lactic acid). After treatment, trimmings were ground, held for 0, 14, 28, or 42 d in chub packages at 4 °C, and total aerobic plat counts, E. coli O157:H7, and S. typhimurium counts were determined. Non-inoculated trimmings were also treated and samples were evaluated for pH, fat, moisture, TBA, meat color by colorimeter, and meat color, and odor by trained sensory panels. Trimmings treated with water or hot water plus lactic acid reduced levels of E. coli O157:H7 and S. typhimurium and tended to be darker after treatment. Meat odor in the final product was not affected by treatment.
author list (cited authors)
Ellebracht, E. A., Castillo, A., Lucia, L. M., Miller, R. K., & Acuff, G. R.