Intravascular hemolysis associated with severe cutaneous burn injuries in five horses. Academic Article uri icon


  • Five horses were evaluated because of severe cutaneous burn injuries following a barn fire. Gross hemolysis and morphologic changes in RBCs consistent with oxidative damage were detected in all of the horses. Of these horses, 4 became azotemic. The overall goals of treatment included wound care, correction of dehydration and provision of diuresis, control of inflammation, pain management, and prophylaxis against sepsis. After treatment, 2 horses survived and were discharged from the hospital. Red blood cell damage and hemolysis following cutaneous burn injury have been investigated in other species and appear to be a result of the release of oxygen radicals from complement-activated neutrophils. Early intervention with aggressive fluid therapy is recommended in the treatment of human burn patients and is likely to be of benefit in horses with burn injuries; a beneficial role of free radical scavengers and xanthine oxidase inhibitors has also been suggested.

published proceedings

  • J Am Vet Med Assoc

author list (cited authors)

  • Norman, T. E., Chaffin, M. K., Johnson, M. C., Spangler, E. A., Weeks, B. R., & Knight, R.

citation count

  • 15

complete list of authors

  • Norman, Tracy E||Chaffin, M Keith||Johnson, Mark C||Spangler, Elizabeth A||Weeks, Bradley R||Knight, Robin

publication date

  • June 2005