Preparation and characterization of control materials for the analysis of conjugated linoleic acid and trans-vaccenic acid in beef Academic Article uri icon


  • Beef and beef fat control composites (CC) were prepared for a large multi-year study of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and trans-vaccenic acid (TVA) in beef. Raw ground beef and beef suet were each frozen in liquid nitrogen, ground to a fine powder, dispensed into subsamples, and stored at -60C under nitrogen. The CCs, reference materials (beef/pork fat; meat homogenate), and standards prepared at two concentrations of CLA and TVA added to a total lipid extract of beef (differing by 0.27. g/100. g CLA and 1.2432. g/100. g TVA) were analyzed via alkaline saponification of lipids, derivatization to fatty acid methyl esters, and GC. CLA and TVA recoveries from the standards were 95-113% (CLA) and 103-106% (TVA). Fatty acids quantified in the reference materials were within the certified ranges. Relative standard deviations (n=3 in each of 5 assay batches) were < 5% (TVA) and < 10% (CLA) for both CCs, at both laboratories. 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Phillips, K. M., Ruggio, D. M., Howe, J. C., Leheska, J. M., Smith, S. B., Engle, T., Rasor, A. S., & Conley, N. A.

citation count

  • 14

complete list of authors

  • Phillips, Katherine M||Ruggio, David M||Howe, Juliette C||Leheska, Jennifer M||Smith, Stephen B||Engle, Terry||Rasor, Amy S||Conley, Nancy A

publication date

  • January 2010