Molecular cloning and expression of bovine (Bos taurus) leptin receptor isoform mRNAs.
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We characterized Bos taurus leptin receptor (Ob-R) isoform mRNAs as well as their expression in different tissues, including some adipose depots (perirenal, subcutaneous and intermuscular adipose tissues). Based on the GenBank database sequences of the bovine partial Ob-R, primers were designed to amplify cDNAs of bovine Ob-R isoforms. The full-length cDNAs of bovine the Ob-R isoforms were cloned by combination with 3'-and 5'-RACE. Three bovine Ob-R isoform cDNAs were cloned and the sequence analyses revealed that these cDNAs were bovine Ob-R isoforms, i.e., the long form (Ob-Rb), the middle form (Ob-Ra) and the short form (Ob-Rc). The open reading frames of Ob-Ra, Ob-Rb and Ob-Rc gene were 2688, 3498 and 2673 bp, respectively. The deduced amino acid sequences suggested that the isoforms were single transmembrane proteins, and differed in the C-terminal amino acid sequences. The amino acid sequence of these bovine Ob-R isoforms showed 73-75% identity compared with the corresponding mouse isoforms. The tissue-specific expression of the bovine Ob-R isoforms were measured by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Expression of Ob-Rb was highest in liver, heart, spleen and kidney, with lower expression in lung and testis, and slight expression in muscle. Ob-Ra was highly expressed in liver and spleen, whereas moderate expression was observed in heart, testis, and muscle, and its expression was the lowest in lung and kidney. Ob-Rc mRNA was expressed in the liver, heart, testis, kidney and muscle, but not in the lung and spleen. In adipose tissues, higher expression of Ob-Ra and Ob-Rb mRNA was observed in intermuscular adipose tissue than in subcutaneous or perirenal adipose tissues. Ob-Ra mRNA level was positively correlated with Ob-Rb mRNA level in the adipose tissues (r=0.81, P<0.05). The results demonstrated that each Ob-R isoform mRNA was differentially expressed in various tissues of cattle, which may be involved in the difference of peripheral actions for leptin.