Lithium chloride does not inhibit the proliferation of L6 myoblasts by decreasing intracellular free inositol.
- Additional Document Info
- View All
We conducted a series of experiments to determine whether lithium chloride (LiCl) inhibited the proliferation of L6 myoblasts by reducing the availability of intracellular free inositol. After the myoblasts were plated in DMEM + 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) for 24 h, medium was replaced with DMEM + 10% FBS containing 0 (control), 5, 10, or 20 mM LiCl. Cell number, protein content, and [3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA were determined at 24-h intervals. Control cells exhibited a 3.8-fold increase in cell number by 96 h in culture. Although 5 mM LiCl did not affect the rate or extent of proliferation, 10 and 20 mM LiCl caused 36 and 86% decreases, respectively (P < .05), in cell number by 96 h in culture. The effects of LiCl could not be overcome by the addition of free inositol (up to 20 mM) to the medium. Lithium chloride caused 4.6- and 7.3-fold increases (P < .05) in lactate dehydrogenase activity in culture media after 96 h of exposure to 10 and 20 mM LiCl, respectively, indicating loss of viability after chronic treatment. However, the acute effects of LiCl after 24 h of treatment were reversible, as indicated by a rapid resumption of proliferation following removal of LiCl. Concentrations of 5, 10, and 20 mM LiCl caused 4.7-, 8.2-, and 9.1-fold increases (P < .05), respectively, in the accumulation of [3H]inositol within the inositol monophosphate pool. Treatment of cells with 10 and 20 mM LiCl also increased (P < .05) label recovered as inositol bisphosphate. Rather than depress phosphoinositide synthesis, the addition of 10 and 20 mM LiCl dose-dependently increased (P < . 05) the incorporation of [3H]inositol into phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate. These results indicate that LiCl does not decrease proliferation of L6 myoblasts via a depletion in the intracellular free inositol pool. Instead, LiCl may block the hydrolysis of phosphatidyl inositides.
author list (cited authors)
Laurenz, J. C., & Smith, S. B.