STABILITY OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL VISCOUS INCOMPRESSIBLE FLOWS UNDER THREE-DIMENSIONAL PERTURBATIONS AND INVISCID SYMMETRY BREAKING
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In this article we consider weak solutions of the three-dimensional incompressible fluid flow equations with initial data admitting a one-dimensional symmetry group. We examine both the viscous and inviscid cases. For the case of viscous flows, we prove that Leray-Hopf weak solutions of the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations preserve initially imposed symmetry and that such symmetric flows are stable under general three-dimensional perturbations, globally in time. We work in three different contexts: two-and-a-half-dimensional, helical, and axisymmetric flows. In the inviscid case, we observe that as a consequence of recent work by De Lellis and Szkelyhidi, there are genuinely three-dimensional weak solutions of the Euler equations with two-dimensional initial data. We also present two partial results where restrictions on the set of initial data and on the set of admissible solutions rule out spontaneous symmetry breaking; one is due to P.-L. Lions and the other is a consequence of our viscous stability result. 2013 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
SIAM JOURNAL ON MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS
author list (cited authors)
Bardos, C., Lopes Filho, M. C., Niu, D., Nussenzveig Lopes, H. J., & Titi, E. S.
complete list of authors
Bardos, C||Lopes Filho, MC||Niu, Dongjuan||Nussenzveig Lopes, HJ||Titi, ES