Compound Shear-Flexural Capacity of Reinforced Concrete-Topped Precast Prestressed Bridge Decks Academic Article uri icon


  • Modern concrete bridge decks commonly consist of stay-in-place (SIP) precast panels seated on precast concrete beams and topped with cast-in-place (CIP) reinforced concrete. Such composite bridge decks have been experimentally tested by various researchers to assess structural performance. However, a failure theory that describes the failure mechanism and accurately predicts the corresponding load has not been previously derived. When monotonically increasing patch loads are applied, delamination occurs between the CIP concrete and SIP panels, with a compound shear-flexure mechanism resulting. An additive model of flexural yield line failure in the lower SIP precast prestressed panels and punching shear in the upper CIP-reinforced concrete portion of the deck system is derived. Analyses are compared to full-scale experimental results of a tandem wheel load straddling adjacent SIP panels and a trailing wheel load on a single panel. Alone, both yield line and punching-shear theories gave poor predictions of the observed failure load; however, the proposed compound shear-flexure failure mechanism load capacities are within 2% accuracy of the experimentally observed loads. Better estimation using the proposed theory of composite SIP-CIP deck system capacities will aid in improving the design efficiency of these systems. 2011 ASCE.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Mander, T. J., Mander, J. B., & Head, M. H.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Mander, Thomas J||Mander, John B||Head, Monique Hite

publication date

  • January 2011