Exercise raises high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in men after consumption of ground beef with a high but not low monounsaturated fatty acid-saturated fatty acid ratio. Academic Article uri icon


  • Exercise and diets with higher monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA):saturated fatty acid (SFA) ratios are independently linked to improved blood lipid profiles, yet interactive effects in men have not been studied. We hypothesized that dietary ground beef with a high MUFA:SFA ratio (HR = 1.1) would augment the beneficial changes in the lipid profile induced by exercise compared to dietary ground beef with a lower MUFA:SFA ratio (LR = 0.71). Untrained men (n = 13, age = 35 12 y, weight = 91.4 14.2 kg, body mass index = 27.8 3.3kg/m(2)) consumed 5 HR or LR 114 g ground beef patties weekly for 5 weeks (random order) interspersed with a 4-week self-selected (SS) washout diet. One session of exercise (70% VO2max, 1675 kJ) was completed at the end of HR and LR diets, and again after a 5-week SS diet. Diets and physical activity were otherwise not controlled. Fasting blood samples for lipid and lipoprotein analyses were obtained 30 min before and 24 h after exercise. Subjects reported no other changes in diets or physical activity patterns, and body weight and body mass index did not change over the study duration. Diet (3) Exercise Time (2) repeated measures analysis of variance ( = .05) and follow-up analyses revealed that blood concentrations (mmol/L SD) of total cholesterol (5.07 1.16 to 5.73 1.36), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (1.19 0.20 to 1.36 0.29), HDL2-C (0.24 0.08 to 0.28 0.11), HDL3-C (0.94 0.14 to 1.08 0.20), and non-HDL-C (3.88 1.24 to 4.37 1.38) were significantly elevated with exercise after the HR beef diet, but not after LR and SS diets. Thus, in healthy, untrained men the dietary beef MUFA:SFA ratio affects the blood lipid response to a single session of aerobic exercise.

published proceedings

  • Nutr Res

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Crouse, S. F., Green, J. S., Meade, T. H., Smith, D. R., & Smith, S. B.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Crouse, Stephen F||Green, John S||Meade, Thomas H||Smith, Dana R||Smith, Stephen B

publication date

  • January 2016