International System for Chromosome Nomenclature of Domestic Bovids (ISCNDB 2000)
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In order to increase the number of markers on the horse cytogenetic map and expand the integration with the linkage map, an equine BAC library was screened for genes and for microsatellites. Eighty-nine intra-exon primers were designed from consensus gene sequences in documented species. After PCR screening, 38 clones containing identified genes were isolated and FISH mapped. These data allowed us to refine the available Zoo-FISH results, to define ten new conserved cytogenetic segments and expand two others, thus leading to the identification of a total of 26 conserved segments between horse and human. Interestingly, a new homeology segment was detected between ECA6p and HSA2q. Screening BAC clones for dinucleotide repeats led to the isolation of 33 microsatellites. Ten of the clones each contained at least a polymorphic microsatellite and one specific gene. The success of the approach in the production of integrative anchor loci and their potential use in localization and analysis of traits of interest by the candidate gene and positional cloning approach, are discussed.
author list (cited authors)
Cribiu, E. P., Di Berardino, D., Di Meo, G. P., Eggen, A., Gallagher, D. S., Gustavsson, I., ... Womack, J.