Water management impacts on arsenic speciation and iron-reducing bacteria in contrasting rice-rhizosphere compartments. Academic Article uri icon


  • Rice cultivated on arsenic (As) contaminated-soils will accumulate variable grain-As concentrations, as impacted by varietal differences, soil variables, and crop management. A field-scale experiment was conducted to study the impact of intermittent and continuous flooding on As speciation and microbial populations in rice rhizosphere compartments of soils that were either historically amended with As pesticide or unamended with As. Rhizosphere-soil, root-plaque, pore-water and grain As were quantified and speciated, and microbial populations in rhizosphere soil and root-plaque were characterized. Total-As concentrations in rhizosphere and grain were significantly lower in intermittently flooded compared to the continuously flooded plots (86% lower in pore-water, 55% lower in root-plaque and 41% lower in grain samples). iAs(V), iAs(III), and DMAs(V) were the predominant As species detected in rhizosphere-soil and root-plaque, pore-water and grain samples, respectively. Relative proportions of Archaea and iron-reducing bacteria (FeRB) were higher in rhizosphere soil compared to root-plaque. In rhizosphere soil, the relative abundance of FeRB was lower in intermittently flooded compared to continuously flooded plots, but there were no differences between root-plaque samples. This study has demonstrated that reductions in dissolved As concentrations in the rhizosphere and subsequent decreases in grain-As concentration can be attained through water management.

published proceedings

  • Environ Sci Technol

altmetric score

  • 1

author list (cited authors)

  • Somenahally, A. C., Hollister, E. B., Yan, W., Gentry, T. J., & Loeppert, R. H.

citation count

  • 95

complete list of authors

  • Somenahally, Anil C||Hollister, Emily B||Yan, Wengui||Gentry, Terry J||Loeppert, Richard H

publication date

  • October 2011