Development to blastocysts of one- to two-cell equine embryos after coculture with uterine tubal epithelial cells.
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Development of 1- to 2-cell in vivo fertilized equine embryos cultured with or without uterine tubal epithelial cells (UTEC) was studied. One- to 2-cell embryos (n = 26) were collected surgically from the uterine tubes of pony mares 1 day after ovulation. Four- to 8-cell embryos (n = 9) were collected 2 days after ovulation. Presumptive zygotes and 2-cell embryos were cultured with (n = 17) or without (n = 9) UTEC, and all 4- to 8-cell embryos were cocultured with UTEC as positive controls. Uterine tubal epithelial cells were used as cell suspensions within 2 weeks after initiation of cultures. Embryos were cultured to blastocysts or until the embryo had morphologic degeneration. Six presumptive zygotes failed to cleave in vitro. Development to blastocysts of 1-cell (4 of 11) and 2-cell (2 of 6) embryos cocultured with UTEC was similar. Coculture of 1- to 2-cell embryos with UTEC significantly (P = 0.05) improved development to blastocysts, compared with culture in medium alone (35 vs 0%, respectively); however, development to blastocysts of 1- to 2-cell embryos cocultured with UTEC was less (P < 0.025) than that of 4- to 8-cell embryos cocultured with UTEC (35 vs 89%, respectively).
author list (cited authors)
Ball, B. A., Brinsko, S. P., Thomas, P. G., Miller, P. G., & Ellington, J. E.
complete list of authors
Ball, BA||Brinsko, SP||Thomas, PG||Miller, PG||Ellington, JE