Complex, humanitarian emergencies: III. Measures of effectiveness. Academic Article uri icon


  • Complex humanitarian emergencies lack a mechanism to coordinate, communicate, assess, and evaluate response and outcome for the major participants (United Nations, International Committee of the Red Cross, non-governmental organizations and military forces). Success in these emergencies will depend on the ability to accomplish agreed upon measures of effectiveness (MOEs). A recent civil-military humanitarian exercise demonstrated the ability of participants to develop consensus-driven MOEs. These MOEs combined security measures utilized by the military with humanitarian indicators recognized by relief organizations. Measures of effectiveness have the potential to be a unifying disaster management tool and a partial solution to the communication and coordination problems inherent in these complex emergencies.

published proceedings

  • Prehosp Disaster Med

author list (cited authors)

  • Burkle, F. M., McGrady, K. A., Newett, S. L., Nelson, J. J., Dworken, J. T., Lyerly, W. H., Natsios, A. S., & Lillibridge, S. R.

citation count

  • 37

complete list of authors

  • Burkle, FM||McGrady, KA||Newett, SL||Nelson, JJ||Dworken, JT||Lyerly, WH||Natsios, AS||Lillibridge, SR

publication date

  • January 1995