Frequency of Dehiscence in Hand-Sutured and Stapled Intestinal Anastomoses in Dogs.
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OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of dehiscence of hand-sutured and stapled intestinal anastomoses in the dog and compare the surgery duration for the methods of anastomosis. STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Two hundred fourteen client-owned dogs undergoing hand-sutured (n = 142) or stapled (n = 72) intestinal anastomoses. METHODS: Medical records from 5 referral institutions were searched for dogs undergoing intestinal resection and anastomosis between March 2006 and February 2014. Demographic data, presence of septic peritonitis before surgery, surgical technique (hand-sutured or stapled), surgery duration, surgeon (resident versus faculty member), indication for surgical intervention, anatomic location of resection and anastomosis, and if dehiscence was noted postoperatively were retrieved. Estimated frequencies were summarized and presented as proportions and 95% confidence intervals (CI) and continuous outcomes as mean (95% CI). Comparisons were made across methods of anastomosis. RESULTS: Overall, 29/205 dogs (0.14, 95% CI 0.10-00.19) had dehiscence, including 21/134 dogs (0.16, 0.11-0.23) undergoing hand-sutured anastomosis and 8/71 dogs (0.11, 0.06-0.21) undergoing stapled anastomosis. There was no significant difference in the frequency of dehiscence across anastomosis methods ((2), P =.389). The mean (95% CI) surgery duration of 140 minutes (132-147) for hand- sutured anastomoses and 108 minutes (99-119) for stapled anastomoses was significantly different (t-test, P <.001). CONCLUSION: No significant difference in frequency of dehiscence was noted between hand- sutured and stapled anastomoses in dogs but surgery duration is significantly reduced by the use of staples for intestinal closure.
author list (cited authors)
Duell, J. R., Thieman Mankin, K. M., Rochat, M. C., Regier, P. J., Singh, A., Luther, J. K., ... Budke, C. M.
complete list of authors
Duell, Jason R||Thieman Mankin, Kelley M||Rochat, Mark C||Regier, Penny J||Singh, Ameet||Luther, Jill K||Mison, Michael B||Leeman, Jessica J||Budke, Christine M