Níveis de inclusão e tempo de exposição da cana-de-açúcar ao óxido de cálcio sobre parâmetros digestivos e o desempenho de novilhas Nelore
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It was evaluated in this work the effects of levels of inclusion and exposure times of sugarcane to calcium oxide on the performance of Nellore heifers, digestibility of dietary components and synthesis of ruminal microbial protein and it was compared titanium dioxide to chromium oxide to estimate the individual intake of concentrate. It was used 30 Nellore females at approximately 24 months of age and average body weight of 285 ± 31 kg and age of 24 months housed in six pens (50 m2 approximately), each one of them with five animals (feeding group). The diets were allocated in a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement, containing three levels of calcium oxide (0; 0.5 and 1.0% of sugarcane fresh matter) and two levels of exposure time (0 and 3 days). There were no effects of calcium oxide exposure time on the intake of microbial nitrogen, dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP) and total digestible nutrients (TDN) and daily weight gain, but, it affected the intake of ether extract (EE), neutral detergent fiber corrected for ash and CP contamination (NDFcp), and nonfiber carbohydrate (NFC). The levels of whitewash decreased linearly the intake of OM, NDFap, NFC, and ADG. However, it was not observed effects of the markers (titanium dioxide and chromic oxide) nor interactions among exposure time and level of whitewash on intakes of DM, CP, EE, NDFap, NFC and TDN. Significant interactions between exposure time and level of inclusion of whitewash were observed for total aparent digestibility of DM, OM, and NDF and for content of TDN. Titanium oxide and chromic oxide are equally effective for estimating individual intakes of concentrate by bovine fed in group. Supply of sugar cane stored for three days without whitewash does not change performance of growing heifers. © 2011 Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia.
author list (cited authors)
dos Santos Pina, D., de Campos Valadares Filho, S., Tedeschi, L. O., Barbosa, A. M., Azevêdo, J., Valadares, R., de Paiva Souza, N. K., & Fonseca, M. A.