Prediction of physical and chemical body compositions of purebred and crossbred Nellore cattle using the composition of a rib section.
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The goal of this research was to develop empirical equations to predict chemical and physical compositions of the carcass and the body using the composition of the 9th- to 11th-rib section (rib(9-11)) and other measurements. A database (n = 246) from 6 studies was developed and comprised 37 bulls (BU), 115 steers (STR), and 94 heifers (HF), of which 132 were Nellore (NEL), 76 were NEL Angus crossbreds (NA), and 38 were NEL Simmental crossbreds (NS). The right half carcass and the rib(9-11) from the left half carcass were analyzed for ether extract (EE), CP, and water. The remaining components were chemically analyzed to determine the composition of the body. A stepwise procedure was used to determine the variable inclusion in the regression models. The variables included were EE in the rib(9-11) (EER; %), CP in the rib(9-11) (CPR; %), water in the rib(9-11) (WR; %), visceral fat (VF; %; KPH and mesenteric fats), organs plus viscera (OV; %), carcass dressing percentage (CD; %), cold carcass weight (kg), and empty BW (EBW; kg). No sex or breed effects were found on EE and CP compositions of the carcass (C(EE) and C(CP), respectively; %); the equations were as follows: C(EE) = 4.31 + 0.31 EER + 1.37 VF [n = 241; R(2) = 0.83; mean square error (MSE) = 4.53] and C(CP) = 17.92 + 0.60 CPR - 0.17 CD (n = 238; R(2) = 0.50; MSE = 1.58). Breed affected water content in the carcass (C(W), %); the equations were as follows: C(W) = 48.74 + 0.28 WR - 0.017 EBW for NEL; C(W) = 46.69 + 0.32 WR - 0.017 EBW for NA; and C(W) = 38.06 + 0.48 WR - 0.017 EBW for NS (n = 243; R(2) = 0.67; MSE = 5.17). A sex effect was found on body chemical EE composition (BW(EE)); the equations were as follows: BW(EE) = 2.75 + 0.33 EER + 1.80 VF for BU; BW(EE) = 1.84 + 0.33 EER + 1.91 VF for STR; and BW(EE) = 4.77 + 0.33 EER + 1.28 VF for HF (n = 243; R(2) = 0.89; MSE = 3.88). No sex or breed effects were found on CP composition in the body (BW(CP)); the equation was as follows: BW(CP) = 14.38 + 0.24 CPR (n = 240; R(2) = 0.59; MSE = 1.06). A sex effect was found for body water content (BW(W)); the equations were as follows: BW(W) = 38.31 + 0.33 WR - 1.09 VF + 0.50 OV for BU; BW(W) = 45.67 + 0.25 WR - 1.89 VF + 0.50 OV for STR; and BW(W) = 31.61 + 0.47 WR - 1.06 VF + 0.50 OV for HF (n = 241; R(2) = 0.81; MSE = 3.84). The physical carcass composition indicated a breed effect on all components and a sex effect for fat in the carcass. We conclude that body and carcass compositions can be estimated with rib(9-11) for purebred and crossbred NEL animals, but specific equations have to be developed for different groups of animals.
author list (cited authors)
Marcondes, M. I., Tedeschi, L. O., Valadares Filho, S. C., & Chizzotti, M. L.
complete list of authors
Marcondes, MI||Tedeschi, LO||Valadares Filho, SC||Chizzotti, ML