Identification of growth hormone molecular variants in chicken serum.
Additional Document Info
It has been described that pituitary growth hormone shows molecular and functional heterogeneity. In birds, size and charge variants of chicken growth hormone (cGH) have been shown in the chicken pituitary gland and in purified preparations of the hormone. Here we demonstrate the existence of cGH molecular isoforms in chicken serum, thus suggesting that they are secreted from the gland. The isolation of total cGH present in sera was performed by immunoaffinity chromatography employing a specific monoclonal antibody against cGH. Different analytical electrophoretic methods (SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, isoelectric focusing, bidimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) followed by Western blot and immunostaining were employed to characterize the serum cGH isoforms, and compared to those present in a fresh pituitary extract. Several identical immunoreactive bands comigrated in both serum and the gland extract in the different systems (SDS-PAGE, MW 16, 22, 26, 29, 52, 62, 66 kDa; IEF, pIs 8.1, 7.5, 7.1, 6.8, 6.2), thus revealing a high correspondence of molecular isoforms of the hormone in the two tissues. Additionally, a glycosylated variant of chicken growth hormone (G-cGH) was also revealed in the serum after concanavalin A-Sepharose chromatography.