Pituitary and extrapituitary action sites of the novel nonpeptidyl growth hormone (GH) secretagogue L-692,429 in the chicken.
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Chickens were used as a model to further analyze the efficacy and specificity of L-692,429, a novel nonpeptidyl mimic of growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide-6 (GHRP-6), which is a specific GH-releasing secretagogue in mammals. Actions at the level of the pituitary and the hypothalamus were studied. Pituitaries isolated from 1-day-old (C1) chicks responded in a dose-dependent manner to L-692,429 (ED50 = 10 nM). Using equimolar concentrations of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), human GH-releasing hormone (hGHRH1-29), and L-692,429 (10 nM), L-692,429 had 20-25% the in vitro potency of the two endogenous releasing factors. There was an additive effect between hGHRH1-29 (10 nM) and L-692,429 (10 or 100 nM) on GH release from C1 pituitaries but no such additive effect was observed when pituitaries were exposed to both TRH (10 nM) and L-692,429 (100 nM). An acute challenge with 50 microg L-692,429 resulted in increased plasma GH levels within 5 min, which remained elevated for up to 15 min (C1 chickens). This increase in GH was accompanied by a drop in hypothalamic TRH content by 5 min. Hypothalamic somatostatin (SRIH) content did not change. Plasma corticosterone concentrations were increased following L-692,429 treatment, whereas plasma alpha-subunit, T4, and T3 levels were unchanged. To confirm the role of the decreased hypothalamic TRH concentrations in the GH-releasing activity of L-692,429 in the chicken, chickens (C1) were pretreated with normal rabbit serum (NRS) or a TRH antiserum (1/50) 1 h prior to the L-692,429 challenge. Both groups showed an increase in circulating GH but the increase was within 5 min inhibited by the TRH antiserum pretreatment, whereas no differences were noted in plasma corticosterone levels. It is concluded that in the chicken the GH secretagogue L-692,429 has a dual action site: (1) directly at the level of the pituitary and (2) centrally through an increase in hypothalamic TRH release.
author list (cited authors)
Geris, K. L., Hickey, G. J., Berghman, L. R., Visser, T. J., Khn, E. R., & Darras, V. M.
complete list of authors
Geris, KL||Hickey, GJ||Berghman, LR||Visser, TJ||Kühn, ER||Darras, VM