Adrenal inhibition of corticotropin-releasing hormone-induced thyrotropin release: a comparative study in pre- and posthatch chicks.
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Recent evidence indicates that corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) acts as a potent stimulator of thyrotropin (TSH) release in the chicken. In this study adrenal and thyroidal feedback mechanisms were studied. Administration of corticosterone 30 min prior to an ovine CRH (oCRH) challenge diminished the in vivo sensitivity of thyrotrophs to oCRH in 19-day-old chicken embryos (E19) (20 micrograms corticosterone; 2 micrograms oCRH) but not in 8-day-old chickens (C8) (40 micrograms corticosterone; 4 micrograms oCRH). At both ages studied, corticosterone (0.01 and 1 microM) did not alter the in vitro TSH response to oCRH (100 nM) indicating that an indirect mechanism is involved at the embryonic stage which is no longer present in posthatch chickens. In vitro, 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) pretreatment (0.01 and 1 microM) resulted at both ages studied in a dose-dependent drop in the in vitro oCRH-induced TSH release. As recorded previously, corticosterone treatment provoked a rise in plasma T3 in embryonic but not in posthatch chickens. The presence of an indirect adrenal feedback mechanism in chicken embryos may therefore be linked to the increase in plasma T3 which will alter the sensitivity of thyrotrophs to hypothalamic releasing factors. In conclusion, corticosterone does not directly modulate the responsiveness of thyrotrophs to CRH, but its feedback mechanism may be dependent on the evoked increase in plasma T3 which is only present in embryonic chickens. Corticosterone may in this regard play an essential role during embryonic development by coordinating thyroidal feedback mechanisms at the level of the chicken pituitary.
author list (cited authors)
Geris, K. L., Laheye, A., Berghman, L. R., Khn, E. R., & Darras, V. M.
complete list of authors
Geris, KL||Laheye, A||Berghman, LR||Kühn, ER||Darras, VM