Acute exposure to hymenoxon: electron microscopic study of the mouse liver. Academic Article uri icon


  • Young, male mice (25 to 30 g) were given oral doses of hymenoxon, a sesquiterpene lactone, for 5, 10, or 20 days. Hymenoxon, isolated from Hymenoxys odorata DC, was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and water (1:1, v/v) and was administered daily at a dosage level of 100 mg/kg of body weight for 5, 10, or 20 days. Two control groups were maintained; 1 group was given DMSO and water, and 1 group was given water only. Twenty-four hours after the last dosing, the mice were euthanatized and their livers were processed for transmission electron microscopy. Hepatocyte organelles of hymenoxon-treated mice appeared normal although the bile canaliculi contained a fine granular material and membranous structures, including myelin figures. The canaliculi of hymenoxon-treated mice were also markedly dilated, compared with bile canaliculi in the control groups. The mean area of bile canaliculi of the 5-, 10-, and 20-day mice was 14.08 microns2, 15.65 microns2, and 17.56 microns2, respectively, compared with 7.73 microns2 for the canaliculi of DMSO + water-treated mice. The P values were less than 0.001, 0.02, and 0.05 for the 5-, 10-, and 20-day hymenoxon-treated mice, respectively. Seemingly, the mouse was not a good model for studying hepatic ultrastructural changes produced by hymenoxon, using dosages less than or equal to 100 mg/kg/day for 20 days.

author list (cited authors)

  • Bowers, D. E., Jones, D. H., Sampson, H. W., & Dunlap, M. K.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Bowers, DE||Jones, DH||Sampson, HW||Dunlap, MK

publication date

  • February 1984