Pregnancy rate in beef heifers after synchronization to either random or programmed estrous cycles. Academic Article uri icon


  • We hypothesized that heifers in diestrus at the beginning of a Syncro-Mate-B (SMB) regimen would have higher pregnancy rates to AI than heifers not in diestrus and that administration of a PGF2alpha analogue 11 d before a SMB regimen would increase pregnancy rates to AI. In both replicate years of Exp. 1, heifers (n = 150) were classified by stage of the estrous cycle at the beginning of a SMB regimen (d 0). Following implant removal (d 9), heifers were artificially inseminated 12 h after the onset of estrus (95.5% in estrus by 72 h). Blood samples were collected for progesterone (P4) analysis on d 0, 9, and 20. Pregnancy rates did not differ between yr 1 and 2. Pregnancy rate for heifers classified in diestrus (53.6%; n = 69) was higher (P = 0.06) than for heifers in metestrus (43.7%; n = 48). Pregnancy rate for proestrus (44.4%; n = 18) heifers was not different from that for heifers in the metestrus or diestrus groups. Mean plasma P4 concentration was affected by both treatment and day. Pregnancy rate was higher (P < 0.01) for heifers with P4 > 1 ng/mL plasma (51.6%; n = 120) than for heifers with P4 < or = 1 ng/mL plasma (23.3%; n = 30) on d 0. In Exp. 2, beef heifers (Santa Cruz; n = 195) were allotted to two treatments. Heifers (n = 98) in the control group were administered a conventional SMB treatment. Heifers (n = 97) in the PGF group were injected with PGF2alpha 11 d (d -11) before a SMB regimen. Progesterone concentration was determined from blood samples collected on d -11, -2, 0, and 9. All heifers were artificially inseminated 48 to 50 h after implant removal. At the beginning of the SMB regimen (d 0), a greater (P < 0.05) percentage of PGF (74.2%) than of control heifers (59.2%) were in diestrus (P4 > 1 ng/mL). Mean P4 concentration was not affected by treatment or day x treatment but differed (P < 0.05) among days. Pregnancy rate of cycling heifers was similar for PGF (36%) and control heifers (35.9%). Pregnancy rate was higher (P < 0.01) for heifers with P4 > 1 ng/mL plasma (37.6%) than for heifers with P4 < or = 1 ng/mL plasma (18.5%) on d 0. These results support the hypothesis that fertility is enhanced when a progestin synchrony regimen is initiated during diestrus, but methods to program estrous cycles to increase fertility warrant investigation.

published proceedings

  • J Anim Sci

author list (cited authors)

  • Mathis, C. P., Hawkins, H. E., Sprott, L. R., Lunt, D. K., & Forrest, D. W.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Mathis, CP||Hawkins, HE||Sprott, LR||Lunt, DK||Forrest, DW

publication date

  • March 2001