Benefits from tween during enzymic hydrolysis of corn stover. Academic Article uri icon


  • Corn stover is a potential substrate for fermentation processes. Previous work with corn stover demonstrated that lime pretreatment rendered it digestible by cellulase; however, high sugar yields required very high enzyme loadings. Because cellulase is a significant cost in biomass conversion processes, the present study focused on improving the enzyme efficiency using Tween 20 and Tween 80; Tween 20 is slightly more effective than Tween 80. The recommended pretreatment conditions for the biomass remained unchanged regardless of whether Tween was added during the hydrolysis. The recommended Tween loading was 0.15 g Tween/g dry biomass. (The critical relationship was the Tween loading on the biomass, not the Tween concentration in solution.) The 72-h enzymic conversion of pretreated corn stover using 5 FPU cellulase/g dry biomass at 50 degrees C with Tween 20 as part of the medium was 0.85 g/g for cellulose, 0.66 g/g for xylan, and 0.75 for total polysaccharide; addition of Tween improved the cellulose, xylan, and total polysaccharide conversions by 42, 40, and 42%, respectively. Kinetic analyses showed that Tween improved the enzymic absorption constants, which increased the effective hydrolysis rate compared to hydrolysis without Tween. Furthermore, Tween prevented thermal deactivation of the enzymes, which allows for the kinetic advantage of higher temperature hydrolysis. Ultimate digestion studies showed higher conversions for samples containing Tween, indicating a substrate effect. It appears that Tween improves corn stover hydrolysis through three effects: enzyme stabilizer, lignocellulose disrupter, and enzyme effector. Copyright 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

published proceedings

  • Biotechnol Bioeng

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Kaar, W. E., & Holtzapple, M. T.

citation count

  • 207

complete list of authors

  • Kaar, WE||Holtzapple, MT

publication date

  • August 1998