Glacial-to-Holocene sedimentation on the western slope of Great Bahama Bank
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Thick, late Quaternary sediment sections were recovered at several sites on the leeward slope of Great Bahama Bank during Leg 166 of the Ocean Drilling Program. These sections have paleoceanographic records with potentially high temporal resolution. To make an initial assessment of the records corresponding to the Holocene highstand of sea level, we have identified and dated the sediments from the four upper slope sites (1004, 1005, 1008, and 1009) that were deposited during the period of time which spans the last glaciation through the Holocene. Age identifications are based upon the abundances of the Globorotalia menardii complex of planktonic foraminifera, the stable oxygen isotopic ratios of bulk sediment and the planktonic foraminifera Globogerinoides ruber, and AMS C-14 dating of bulk sediment. Comparison of these data with the sediment lithologic and geoacoustic properties shows that consistent stratigraphic relationships exist at each site: The uppermost interval of aragonite-rich sediments corresponds to the Holocene highstand of sea level (i.e. oxygen isotope stage 1) and these sediments are underlain by a relatively thin interval of aragonite-poor, partially lithified sediments which corresponds to the last glaciation when sea level was significantly lower than today (i.e. oxygen isotope stages 2-4). The Leg 166 upper slope sites possess carbonate accumulation and paleoceanographic proxy records with very high temporal resolution, with Sites 1004, 1008, and 1009 appearing to have the greatest stratigraphic integrity. Comparison of core and high-resolution seismic profile data establishes the Holocene nature of the uppermost seismic unit in the stratigraphic package of the western slope of Great Bahama Bank. 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
Slowey, N. C., Wilber, R. J., Haddad, G. A., & Henderson, G. M.
complete list of authors
Slowey, Niall C||Wilber, R Jude||Haddad, Geoffrey A||Henderson, Gideon M