The effects of menopausal status and exercise training on serum lipids and the activities of intravascular enzymes related to lipid transport.
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The study purpose was to compare the effect of exercise training on serum lipid and apolipoprotein concentrations and the activities of intravascular enzymes related to lipid transport in previously untrained eumenorrheic, premenopausal (PRM) women (n = 21; mean age, 36 +/- 3 years) and estrogen-free postmenopausal (POM) women (n = 16; mean age, 68 +/- 8 years). Subjects trained at a progressive intensity and duration (50% to 75% maximal O2 consumption [VO2max], 200 to 300 kcal/session) 4 d/wk for 12 weeks. Before and after training, VO2max, body weight, relative body fat, and fasting blood samples were obtained following 2 weeks on a standardized diet designed to maintain body weight and during the early follicular stage for the PRM group. Blood samples were analyzed for serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), the cholesterol content of the HDL3 subfraction, apolipoprotein (apo)A-I and apoB, lipoprotein(a), and the activity of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT). Total and hepatic triglyceride lipase activity (HTGLA) were determined from plasma samples obtained after heparin administration. The cholesterol content of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and HDL2 subfractions and endothelial-bound lipoprotein lipase activity (LPLA) were calculated. A two (group) x two (time) multivariate ANOVA (MANOVA), with repeated measures for time indicated that the exercise-induced changes in physiological measurements, serum lipid or apolipoprotein concentrations, or enzyme activities did not differ between groups. Serum concentrations of TC, LDL-C, and HDL3 cholesterol, TG, and apo A-I and apoB were higher in POM women compared with the PRM group (P < .05 for all). For the combined groups, body weight and relative body fat did not change with training, but VO2max increased an average of 18.5% (P < .05). LPLA, HTGLA, and LCAT activity were unaltered with exercise training. Except for a small but significant decrease in HDL-C (-5.5%) and an elevation in apoB (4.3%; P < .05 for both), the concentrations of serum lipids and apolipoproteins did not change over the training period. We conclude that in previously untrained women, menopausal status does not influence the exercise training response of serum lipids or apolipoproteins or activities of intravascular enzymes related to lipid transport.
author list (cited authors)
Grandjean, P. W., Crouse, S. F., O'Brien, B. C., Rohack, J. J., & Brown, J. A.
complete list of authors
Grandjean, PW||Crouse, SF||O'Brien, BC||Rohack, JJ||Brown, JA