Influence of cholesterol status on blood lipid and lipoprotein enzyme responses to aerobic exercise. Academic Article uri icon


  • To compare postexercise changes in plasma lipids and lipoprotein enzymes in 13 hypercholesterolemic (HC) and 12 normocholesterolemic men [total cholesterol (TC) 252 +/- 5 vs. 179 +/- 5 mg/dl], fasting blood samples were obtained 24 h before, immediately, 24, and 48 h after a single bout of treadmill walking (70% peak O(2) consumption, 500 kcal expenditure). Significant findings (P < 0.05 for all) for plasma volume-adjusted lipid and enzyme variables were that TC, low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol, and cholesterol ester transfer protein activity were higher in the HC group but did not influence the lipid responses to exercise. Across groups, TC was transiently reduced immediately after exercise but returned to baseline levels by 24 h postexercise. Decreases in triglyceride and increases in high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and HDL(3)-C were observed 24 h after exercise and lasted through 48 h. Lipoprotein lipase activity was elevated by 24 h and remained elevated 48 h after exercise. HDL(2)-C, cholesterol ester transfer protein activity, hepatic triglyceride lipase, and lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase activities did not change after exercise. These data indicate that the exercise-induced changes in HDL-C and triglyceride are similar in HC and normocholesterolemic men and may be mediated, at least in part, by an increase in lipoprotein lipase activity.

published proceedings

  • J Appl Physiol (1985)

author list (cited authors)

  • Grandjean, P. W., Crouse, S. F., & Rohack, J. J.

citation count

  • 105

complete list of authors

  • Grandjean, PW||Crouse, SF||Rohack, JJ

publication date

  • August 2000