Acute changes in blood lipids and enzymes in postmenopausal women after exercise. Academic Article uri icon


  • The effectiveness of lifestyle intervention strategies to improve blood lipids in women may be dependent on preexisting cholesterol concentrations. We characterized the effects of cholesterol status on blood lipid, lipoprotein lipid, and lipid regulatory enzyme responses to a single session of aerobic exercise in physically active, postmenopausal women. In this study, blood samples were obtained from 12 women with high cholesterol (HC; > or =200 mg/dl) and 13 women with normal cholesterol (NC; <200 mg/dl), 24 h before (Pre), immediately after (IPE), and 24 and 48 h after an exercise session (treadmill walking at 70% peak oxygen consumption, 400 kcal). We found that repeated-measures analysis revealed the following: 1) preexercise cholesterol differences did not influence the lipid or lipoprotein lipid responses to exercise; 2) for both groups, triglyceride was significantly reduced (-8.5%) after exercise; 3) the concentration profile over time for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was significant for both groups, first falling at IPE then rising back to Pre levels by 24 h after exercise; 4) the lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase activity (LCATA) exercise response was group dependent, increasing modestly in the NC group at 24 and 48 h; 5) lipoprotein lipase activity (LPLA) increased at IPE (by 17%) in the HC group only and then fell at 24 and 48 h (by 21%) compared with Pre; and 6) cholesterol ester transfer protein activity was unchanged by exercise. From these findings, we conclude that in postmenopausal women, a single session of endurance exercise elicited a short-term, favorable decrease in triglycerides independent of initial blood cholesterol concentrations. However, LCATA and LPLA postexercise changes were influenced by preexercise cholesterol status.

published proceedings

  • J Appl Physiol (1985)

author list (cited authors)

  • Weise, S. D., Grandjean, P. W., Rohack, J. J., Womack, J. W., & Crouse, S. F.

citation count

  • 22

complete list of authors

  • Weise, Shelly D||Grandjean, Peter W||Rohack, J James||Womack, John W||Crouse, Stephen F

publication date

  • August 2005