Thallium Transfer from Hydrochloric Acid Media into Pure Ionic Liquids. Academic Article uri icon


  • Pure hydrophobic ionic liquids are known to extract metallic species from aqueous solutions. In this work we have systematically investigated thallium (Tl) extraction from aqueous hydrochloric acid (HCl) solutions into six pure fluorinated ionic liquids, namely imidazolium- and pyrrolidinium-based ionic liquids with bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide and bis(fluorosulfonyl)-imide anions. The dependence of the Tl extraction efficiency on the structure and composition of the ionic liquid ions, metal oxidation state, and initial metal and aqueous acid concentrations have been studied. Tl concentrations were on the order of picomolar (analyzed using radioactive tracers) and millimolar (analyzed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry). The extraction of the cationic thallium species Tl(+) is higher for ionic liquids with more hydrophilic cations, while for the TlX(z)(3-z) anionic species (where X = Cl(-) and/or Br(-)), the extraction efficiency is greater for ionic liquids with more hydrophobic cations. The highest distribution value of Tl(III) was approximately 2000. An improved mathematical model based on ion exchange and ion pair formation mechanisms has been developed to describe the coextraction of two different anionic species, and the relative contributions of each mechanism have been determined.

published proceedings

  • J Phys Chem B

altmetric score

  • 6.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Tereshatov, E. E., Boltoeva, M. Y., Mazan, V., Volia, M. F., & Folden, C. M.

citation count

  • 17

complete list of authors

  • Tereshatov, Evgeny E||Boltoeva, Maria Yu||Mazan, Valerie||Volia, Merinda F||Folden, Charles M

publication date

  • March 2016