Efficacy of albendazole and mebendazole againstHymenolepis microstoma andHymenolepis diminuta
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An investigation of the chemotherapeutic effects of 2 anthelmintics, albendazole (ABZ, methyl 5-[propylthio]benzimidazole-2- carbamate) and mebendazole (MBZ, methyl 5-[benzoyl]benzimidazole-2-carbamate), on Hymenolepis microstoma and Hymenolepis diminuta in experimentally infected mice and rats is reported. Single (50 mg/kg) or multiple daily oral doses (50 mg kg-1 day-1 for 3 consecutive days) of MBZ had no effect on H. microstoma; at necropsy, the drug treated mice harbored appreciable numbers of the parasite in the bile duct and biliary passages. ABZ was also inactive when given as a single oral 50 mg/kg dose on day 27 PI. Better results were obtained when ABZ was administered at a dosage of 50 mg kg-1 day-1 for 3 consecutive days; the reduction in worm burden obtained with this treatment regimen was 50%. These results are in marked contrast to those obtained with the same anthelmintics against enteral H. diminuta in rats which succumbed at lower dosages. A review was made of the published reports on the pharmacokinetic behavior of these benzimidazole carbamate anthelmintics and a hypothesis for the inactivity of MBZ against H. microstoma is proposed.
author list (cited authors)
McCracken, R. O., Lipkowitz, K. B., & Dronen, N. O.