On the structure of eigenfunctions corresponding to embedded eigenvalues of locally perturbed periodic graph operators - Texas A&M University (TAMU) Scholar

On the structure of eigenfunctions corresponding to embedded eigenvalues of locally perturbed periodic graph operators
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The article is devoted to the following question. Consider a periodic self-adjoint difference (differential) operator on a graph (quantum graph) G with a co- compact free action of the integer lattice n. It is known that a local perturbation of the operator might embed an eigenvalue into the continuous spectrum (a feature uncommon for periodic elliptic operators of second order). In all known constructions of such examples, the corresponding eigenfunction is compactly supported. One wonders whether this must always be the case. The paper answers this question affirmatively. What is more surprising, one can estimate that the eigenmode must be localized not far away from the perturbation (in a neighborhood of the perturbation's support, the width of the neighborhood dependent upon the unperturbed operator only). The validity of this result requires the condition of irreducibility of the Fermi (Floquet) surface of the periodic operator, which is known in some cases and is expected to be satisfied for periodic Schrdinger operators. Springer-Verlag 2006.