Relationship of plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide concentrations to heart failure classification and cause of respiratory distress in dogs using a 2nd generation ELISA assay. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: Cardiac biomarkers provide objective data that augments clinical assessment of heart disease (HD). HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Determine the utility of plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide concentration [NT-proBNP] measured by a 2nd generation canine ELISA assay to discriminate cardiac from noncardiac respiratory distress and evaluate HD severity. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 291). METHODS: Multicenter, cross-sectional, prospective investigation. Medical history, physical examination, echocardiography, and thoracic radiography classified 113 asymptomatic dogs (group 1, n = 39 without HD; group 2, n = 74 with HD), and 178 with respiratory distress (group 3, n = 104 respiratory disease, either with or without concurrent HD; group 4, n = 74 with congestive heart failure [CHF]). HD severity was graded using International Small Animal Cardiac Health Council (ISACHC) and ACVIM Consensus (ACVIM-HD) schemes without knowledge of [NT-proBNP] results. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis assessed the capacity of [NT-proBNP] to discriminate between dogs with cardiac and noncardiac respiratory distress. Multivariate general linear models containing key clinical variables tested associations between [NT-proBNP] and HD severity. RESULTS: Plasma [NT-proBNP] (median; IQR) was higher in CHF dogs (5,110; 2,769-8,466 pmol/L) compared to those with noncardiac respiratory distress (1,287; 672-2,704 pmol/L; P < .0001). A cut-off >2,447 pmol/L discriminated CHF from noncardiac respiratory distress (81.1% sensitivity; 73.1% specificity; area under curve, 0.84). A multivariate model comprising left atrial to aortic ratio, heart rate, left ventricular diameter, end-systole, and ACVIM-HD scheme most accurately associated average plasma [NT-proBNP] with HD severity. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Plasma [NT-proBNP] was useful for discriminating CHF from noncardiac respiratory distress. Average plasma [NT-BNP] increased significantly as a function of HD severity using the ACVIM-HD classification scheme.

published proceedings

  • J Vet Intern Med

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Fox, P. R., Oyama, M. A., Hezzell, M. J., Rush, J. E., Nguyenba, T. P., DeFrancesco, T. C., ... Lamb, K

citation count

  • 27

complete list of authors

  • Fox, PR||Oyama, MA||Hezzell, MJ||Rush, JE||Nguyenba, TP||DeFrancesco, TC||Lehmkuhl, LB||Kellihan, HB||Bulmer, B||Gordon, SG||Cunningham, SM||MacGregor, J||Stepien, RL||Lefbom, B||Adin, D||Lamb, K

publication date

  • January 2015