Price Discovery Between Carbonated Soft Drink Manufacturers and Retailers: A Disaggregate Analysis with Pc and Lingam Algorithms Academic Article uri icon


  • 2015 Universidad del CEMA. This paper considers the use of two machine learning algorithms to identify the causal relationships among retail prices, manufacturer prices, and number of packages sold. The two algorithms are PC and Linear Non-Gaussian Acyclic Models (LiNGAM). The dataset studied comprises scanner data collected from the retail sales of carbonated soft drinks in the Chicago area. The PC algorithm is not able to assign direction among retail price, manufacturer price and quantity sold, whereas the LiNGAM algorithm is able to decide in every case, i.e., retail price leads manufacturer price and quantity sold.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Applied Economics

author list (cited authors)

  • Lai, P., & Bessler, D. A.

citation count

  • 9

complete list of authors

  • Lai, Pei-Chun||Bessler, David A

publication date

  • May 2015