A multisite case report on the clinical use of sevoflurane in dogs.
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The purpose of this report was to evaluate the clinical safety and efficacy of sevoflurane as an inhalant anesthetic in dogs. Subjective and objective data from 196 clinical cases utilizing sevoflurane as the maintenance anesthetic was collected at three sites. After preanesthetic evaluation, the attending anesthesiologist assigned the dogs to one of the following six anesthetic protocols: protocol 1, oxymorphone premedication and thiopental induction; protocol 2, oxymorphone/acetylpromazine premedication and thiopental induction; protocol 3, xylazine/butorphanol premedication and thiopental induction; protocol 4, opioid premedication and propofol induction; protocol 5, optional premedication and mask induction with sevoflurane in oxygen; and protocol 6, optional premedication and optional induction. The average quality of induction, maintenance, and recovery was good to excellent in all protocols. The three most common side effects during maintenance and recovery were hypotension, tachypnea, and apnea. Sevoflurane produces anesthesia in dogs comparable to the other inhalation anesthetics currently used (i.e., halothane and isoflurane) for diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
author list (cited authors)
Branson, K. R., Quandt, J. E., Martinez, E. A., Carroll, G. L., Trim, C. M., Dodam, J. R., ... Beleau, M. H
complete list of authors
Branson, KR||Quandt, JE||Martinez, EA||Carroll, GL||Trim, CM||Dodam, JR||Hartsfield, SM||Matthews, NS||Mackenthun, A||Beleau, MH