Modification of plasma and hepatic lipids of guinea pigs by feeding high oleic acid pork compared with regular pork.
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Meat from such monogastric animals as swine can be modified to substitute monounsaturated fatty acids for saturated fatty acids. Because monounsaturated fatty acids have a beneficial effect on serum lipids as compared with saturated fatty acids, the objective of this study was to assess the effect of modified pork as compared with regular pork on serum and hepatic lipids. Guinea pigs were fed diets containing pork from control diet-fed hogs or from hogs fed a diet containing high oleic acid sunflower oil. The pork provided almost all of the fat in the diets at the level of 4 and 15 g/100 g diet, 10 or 34% energy. The high oleic pork muscle and fat contained 26 and 46% less palmitic and stearic acids (the primary saturated fatty acids), respectively, and 31 and 29% more oleic acid (the primary monounsaturated fatty acid) than the regular pork muscle and fat, respectively. Cholesterol concentration of diets ranged from 0.06 to 0.08% of the diet. Although total serum cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations did not differ due to type of pork, results indicated that serum LDL cholesterol was lower (15%) and hepatic cholesterol was greater (15%) in the high oleic pork, 15% fat group as compared with the control pork 15% fat group. Also, serum LDL cholesterol concentration was higher in the groups fed 15% fat compared with those fed 4% fat. In this study pork modified to have more oleic acid and less saturated fatty acids had a positive effect on tissue lipids when fed to animals.