Towards Energy Efficient and Quality of Service Aware Cell Zooming in 5G Wireless Networks
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2015 IEEE. This paper presents an energy efficient and quality of service aware dynamic cell zooming algorithm for dense heterogeneous networks. The exponential growth of mobile data traffic would lead to dense deployment of small base stations and eventually higher energy consumption in Fifth Generation (5G) wireless networks. We formulate a dynamic cell zooming and base stations sleep optimization algorithm for dense heterogeneous networks as a Linear Programming (LP) problem in order to not only minimize the system power consumption but also to guarantee the quality of service to end user. This is possible by optimally zooming the coverage area of macro base stations and small cells based upon real time traffic conditions. We characterize the optimal as well as provide an approximate solution, which, however, performs very closely to the optimum. The extensive performance evaluation of our proposed dynamic cell zooming algorithm shows that our proposed algorithm can significantly decrease both system energy consumption and outage probability.