Canine thoracolumbar invertebral disk disease: diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Thoracolumbar intervertebral disk disease (IVDD) is a common, important cause of paraspinal hyperesthesia, pelvic limb ataxia, paraparesis, paraplegia, and urinary and fecal incontinence in dogs. A companion article reviewed pathophysiology, epidemiology, physical examination, and emergency medical therapy. This article addresses the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of dogs with thoracolumbar IVDD.

author list (cited authors)

  • Griffin, J. F., Levine, J., Kerwin, S., & Cole, R.

citation count

  • 9

publication date

  • March 2009