Canine thoracolumbar invertebral disk disease: diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Academic Article uri icon


  • Thoracolumbar intervertebral disk disease (IVDD) is a common, important cause of paraspinal hyperesthesia, pelvic limb ataxia, paraparesis, paraplegia, and urinary and fecal incontinence in dogs. A companion article reviewed pathophysiology, epidemiology, physical examination, and emergency medical therapy. This article addresses the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of dogs with thoracolumbar IVDD.

published proceedings

  • Compend Contin Educ Vet

author list (cited authors)

  • Griffin, J. F., Levine, J., Kerwin, S., & Cole, R.

citation count

  • 9

complete list of authors

  • Griffin, John F||Levine, Jonathan||Kerwin, Sharon||Cole, Robert

publication date

  • March 2009