An investigation of the uterine luminal environment of non-pregnant and pregnant pony mares. Academic Article uri icon


  • Uterine flushings were collected from 30 non-pregnant Pony mares on Days 8, 12, 14, 16, 18 or 20 after oculation. Mares were allowed a recovery period of one oestrous cycle and were mated at the next oestrus. They were then ovario-hysterectomized on days which corresponded to the day of the oestrous cycle to which they were assigned. Uterine flushings were analysed for total recoverable protein and acid phosphatase activity. Least squares analysis indicated a status X day interaction for total protein (P less than 0.10) and acid phosphatase activity (P less than 0.005) in which the latter was higher in uterine flushings during pregnancy. Peripheral plasma oestrone and oestradiol concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay and results indicated that plasma oestrone concentrations in pregnant and non-pregnant mares were not different, and oestradiol was lower (P less then 0.005) in the peripheral plasma during pregnancy. conceptus membranes were incubated in vitro for 120 min in a chemically defined medium. Incubation medium was then assayed to assess oestrone and oestradiol production capacilities at Days 8, 12, 14, 16, 18 and 20 of pregnancy. Conceptus membrane production of oestradios (pg/5 ml/h) increased (P less than 0.05) from Day 8 (243 pg/5 ml) to Day 20 (108 763 pg/5 ml). A similar trend, but of lower magnitude, existed for oestrone production.

published proceedings

  • J Reprod Fertil Suppl

author list (cited authors)

  • Zavy, J. T., Mayer, R., Vernon, M. W., Bazer, F. W., & Sharp, D. C.

citation count

  • 74

complete list of authors

  • Zavy, JT||Mayer, R||Vernon, MW||Bazer, FW||Sharp, DC

publication date

  • January 1979