Characterization of proteins produced in vitro by periattachment bovine conceptuses. Academic Article uri icon


  • Bovine conceptuses from Days 16 (n = 4), 19 (n = 6), 22 (n = 3), and 24 (n = 4), and chorion from Day 69 (estrus/mating = Day 0) were cultured for 24 h in modified minimum essential medium (MEM) in the presence of radioactive L-leucine [( 3H] leucine) to characterize de novo synthesis and release of proteins. Proteins released into MEM were identified by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, fluorography, and gel and ion exchange chromatography. Major polypeptides identified in MEM were different from those identified in conceptus and chorionic tissues. Both uptake of [3H] leucine and quality of polypeptides produced de novo and released into MEM were related to stage of conceptus development. Percent retention of [3H] leucine in MEM was lowest (P less than 0.01) in Day 16 cultures (1.2 +/- 4.1%), increased in Days 19 (16.8 +/- 3.7%) and 22 cultures (20.9 +/- 5.8%), and decreased (P less than 0.07) in Day 24 cultures (6.9 +/- 4.1%). Complexity of polypeptides increased after Day 16. Days 16, 19, 22 and 24 conceptus culture MEM was enriched in low-Mr, acidic polypeptides (Mr/isoelectric point ranges: 22K-26K/6.5-5.6, 20K-26K/5.5-5.4, and 16K-20K/5.0-4.5), which were not prominent products of Day 29 and 69 tissues. A high-Mr (Mr +/- SEM; 735K +/- 22K) glycoprotein was produced by all conceptus and chorionic tissues. The transient nature of production of low-Mr polypeptides suggests that they may be required during the periattachment period.

published proceedings

  • Biol Reprod

author list (cited authors)

  • Bartol, F. F., Roberts, R. M., Bazer, F. W., Lewis, G. S., Godkin, J. D., & Thatcher, W. W.

citation count

  • 121

complete list of authors

  • Bartol, FF||Roberts, RM||Bazer, FW||Lewis, GS||Godkin, JD||Thatcher, WW

publication date

  • April 1985