Steroid metabolism by endometrial and conceptus tissues during early pregnancy and pseudopregnancy in gilts.
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Endometrial and conceptus tissues were obtained on Days 10.5, 11, 12, 16 and 25 of pregnancy and Day 25 of pseudopregnancy of gilts and incubated for 6 h in Minimal Essential Medium (5 ml) containing 35 ng [3H]progesterone. Metabolism of [3H]progesterone to oestrone, oestradiol and oestriol was determined by gas and high-pressure liquid chromatography and successive recrystallizations with unlabelled standards. Conceptuses collected between Days 10.5 and 12 were spherical, tubular or filamentous and incubated with 500 mg endometrium and [3H]progesterone. Production of oestrone by spherical conceptuses was not detected, but was 44-47 pg/tubular conceptus and 21 pg/filamentous conceptus. A similar trend was observed for oestradiol. Conceptus tissues from Days 16 and 25 (chorion) were most active in producing oestrone (123 and 520 pg/mg tissue, respectively) and oestradiol (277 and 876 pg/mg tissue, respectively). Endometrial oestrogen production was less than that for conceptus tissue for oestrone and oestradiol on Days 16 and 25 of gestation. Coincubations of endometrium and conceptus tissues had lower oestrogen production than conceptus alone. Endometrium from Day 25 of pseudopregnancy metabolized [3H]progesterone to several non-polar metabolites, but no oestrogens were detected. An unidentified phenolic metabolite of [3H]progesterone was detected in higher quantities than either oestrone or oestradiol; 445 to 461 pg/conceptus at the tubular stage. These results indicate temporal changes in the conversion of [3H]progesterone to oestrogens by conceptus and endometrial tissue from pregnant gilts, but not endometrium from pseudopregnant gilts.
author list (cited authors)
Fischer, H. E., Bazer, F. W., & Fields, M. J.
complete list of authors
Fischer, HE||Bazer, FW||Fields, MJ