Prostaglandin F2 alpha as the luteolysin in swine: VI. Hormonal regulation of the movement of exogenous PGF2 alpha from the uterine lumen into the vasculature.
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To test the endocrine-exocrine theory of maternal recognition of pregnancy in the pig 16 gilts were assigned randomly to a 2 X 2 factorial involving pretreatment with sesame oil (SO) or estradiol valerate (5 mg; EV) injected on Days 11 through 14 of the estrous cycle and an intrauterine injection of saline (5 ml; SA) or prostaglandin F2 alpha (50 micrograms; PGF) on Day 14. Peripheral blood samples were collected for 120 min postinjection and analyzed for 15-keto-13,14-dihydro-PGF2 alpha (PGFM). PGFM concentrations were lower in EV than SO gilts (438 vs. 844 pg/ml; p less than 0.05). There was heterogeneity of regression between EV and SO gilts (p less than 0.01), with EV gilts having a slower release of PGF from the uterine lumen into the vasculature. Prostaglandin F2 alpha did not increase mean PGFM concentrations (p greater than 0.10), but resulted in an altered temporal pattern of PGFM (p less than 0.05) compared to SA gilts. There was an interaction between the two treatments over time, with EV-PGF gilts demonstrating a slower, more gradual release of PGFM than SO-PGF gilts. To test whether prostaglandins of the E series were involved in this mechanism, gilts were assigned to two 4 X 4 latin squares balanced for residual effects and treated with saline or flunixen meglumine (Banamine). Each gilt was treated with four PGE:PGF infusion sequences (SEQ) in each uterine horn: phosphate-buffered saline (PBS; PBS-SEQ), PGE1 (50 micrograms), PGE2 (50 micrograms), and PGE1 (25 micrograms) + PGE2 (25 micrograms) (PGE-SEQ), with each infusion followed 15 min later by PGF (25 micrograms).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
author list (cited authors)
Marengo, S. R., Bazer, F. W., Thatcher, W. W., Wilcox, C. J., & Wetteman, R. P.
complete list of authors
Marengo, SR||Bazer, FW||Thatcher, WW||Wilcox, CJ||Wetteman, RP