Identification of bovine trophoblast protein-1, a secretory protein immunologically related to ovine trophoblast protein-1.
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This paper demonstrates that a group of proteins, representing a major secretory component of cattle conceptuses, is immunologically related to ovine trophoblast protein-1 (oTP-1), a principal product of culture Day 13 to 21 sheep conceptuses. Conceptuses from cows (Day 17-18) and ewes (Day 16-17) were cultured for 24 h in the presence of L-[3H]leucine. By using a rabbit antiserum to oTP-1 and Ouchterlony double-immunodiffusion analysis it was shown that material in the bovine conceptus culture medium was serologically related, but not identical, to oTP-1. A solid-phase radiobinding assay indicated that the cross-reacting bovine secretory component had an affinity for anti-oTP-1 antibody similar to that of oTP-1. Anti-oTP-1 antiserum specifically immunoprecipitated a group of 6-8 polypeptides from culture medium of cow conceptuses which, when analysed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, fell into two major molecular weight classes (22,000 and 24,000) with isoelectric points between 6.5 and 6.7. These immunoprecipitated polypeptides, defined as bTP-1, constituted the major secretory products of Day 16-25 cow conceptuses. They were larger and more basic than oTP-1 polypeptides (Mr about 18,000; pI 5.4-5.7). Anti-oTP-1 antiserum also recognized the major translation product of Day 17 bovine conceptus mRNA, a polypeptide significantly smaller (Mr approximately 18,000) than the secreted protein. It is suggested that oTP-1 and the homologous bovine protein may play similar roles in the phenomenon of maternal recognition of pregnancy in the two species.
author list (cited authors)
Helmer, S. D., Hansen, P. J., Anthony, R. V., Thatcher, W. W., Bazer, F. W., & Roberts, R. M.
complete list of authors
Helmer, SD||Hansen, PJ||Anthony, RV||Thatcher, WW||Bazer, FW||Roberts, RM