Regulation of synthesis of uterine secretory proteins: evidence for differential induction of porcine uteroferrin and antileukoproteinase gene expression. Academic Article uri icon


  • Mechanisms regulating the expression of two pregnancy-associated proteins of the porcine uterus, namely the iron-transport protein uteroferrin (UF) and the lysosomal serine proteinase-inhibitor antileukoproteinase (ALP), were investigated by comparing the effects of estrogen (E), progesterone (P4), and conceptuses on the steady-state levels of their mRNAs. For UF, the expression of mRNA with production and secretion of the corresponding protein was also investigated. Progesterone increased the levels of endometrial UF mRNA and of secreted UF, but did not affect the levels of ALP mRNA in ovariectomized gilts that had received P4 treatment for 8 days. Estrogen inhibited the accumulation of endometrial UF mRNA, increased UF secretion in these gilts, but had no effect on levels of ALP mRNA. Administration of E to gilts on Day 11 of the cycle slightly diminished UF mRNA levels at 1 h post-E; had no effect at 6, 12, and 24 h post-E; and increased levels of secreted UF in uterine luminal fluids 24 h post-E. The presence of conceptuses increased levels of endometrial ALP mRNA and decreased UF protein in uterine luminal fluids, but did not affect levels of endometrial UF mRNA. Myometrium, endometrium, and placenta from Day 75 and Day 105 pregnant gilts were also evaluated for ALP and UF mRNA expression to determine regional expression of these steroid-regulated genes. Myometrium and endometrium expressed comparable levels of UF and ALP mRNAs within Days 75 or 105, but placenta did not express detectable levels of mRNA for either protein. Within the myometrium, UF protein is immunolocalized mostly to the inner circular and to a lesser extent to the outer longitudinal layer of smooth muscle. These results indicate that E, P4, and presence of conceptuses differentially affect endometrial expression of ALP and UF mRNAs and secretion of UF.

published proceedings

  • Biol Reprod

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Simmen, R. C., Simmen, F. A., & Bazer, F. W.

citation count

  • 21

complete list of authors

  • Simmen, RC||Simmen, FA||Bazer, FW

publication date

  • January 1991