Comparative aspects of conceptus signals for maternal recognition of pregnancy.
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Maintenance of corpus luteum (CL) function is essential for establishment of pregnancy in mammals. Estrogens from pig conceptuses (embryo and associated membranes) initiate events that, with prolactin, redirect secretion of the uterine luteolytic hormone prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF) from an endocrine (to uterine veins) to an exocrine (to uterine lumen) direction to prevent luteolysis. Ovine conceptuses secrete ovine trophoblast protein-1 (oTP-1), which exhibits high amino acid sequence relatedness with alpha II interferons (IFN alpha II) and inhibits synthesis of endometrial receptors for oxytocin and uterine production of luteolytic pulses of PGF. Estrogens and oTP-1 are local antiluteolytic signals to endometrium, whereas human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) appears to have a direct luteotrophic effect on CL. A progestational endometrium secretes proteins that serve as growth factors, transport proteins, regulatory proteins and enzymes, as well as transporting nutrients into the uterine lumen to support conceptus development.
author list (cited authors)
Bazer, F. W., Simmen, R. C., & Simmen, F. A.
complete list of authors
Bazer, FW||Simmen, RC||Simmen, FA