Immunocytochemical localization and changes in endometrial progestin receptor protein during the porcine oestrous cycle and early pregnancy. Academic Article uri icon


  • Changes of progesterone receptor (PR) protein and cellular localization in the endometrium were evaluated during the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy of the gilt. During the oestrous cycle, the concentration of total PR protein within the endometrium was highest on Days 0-5 and decreased on Day 10. The endometrial concentration of PR reached a nadir on Day 12 and this level was maintained throughout the remainder of the oestrous cycle (Day 18). In pregnant gilts, the concentration of endometrial PR protein from Day 10 to Day 18 was similar to that in cyclic gilts. Western blot analysis with antiserum specific for the A and B isoforms of PR indicated that porcine endometrium expresses both isoforms of PR. Immunostaining was detectable for both the A and B isoforms of PR from Day 0 to Day 12 of the oestrous cycle. However, no staining was observed on Day 15 and Day 18 of the oestrous cycle or pregnancy Immunocytochemical localization of PR in the endometrium of cyclic gilts and pregnant gilts indicated that there was intense staining for PR in surface epithelium and glandular epithelium during oestrus (Day 0) and on Day 5. However, the staining was less intense on Day 7 and Day 10 of the oestrous cycle and no epithelial staining was observed after Day 12. PRs were present in the stroma and myometrium throughout the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy. The presence of conceptuses during pregnancy did not affect the loss of PR from the uterine epithelium after Day 10 of gestation. Down-regulation of epithelial PR might be one factor involved in the timing of luteolysis during the oestrous cycle as well as conceptus growth and placentation during early pregnancy.

published proceedings

  • Reprod Fertil Dev

author list (cited authors)

  • Geisert, R. D., Pratt, T. N., Bazer, F. W., Mayes, J. S., & Watson, G. H.

citation count

  • 104

complete list of authors

  • Geisert, RD||Pratt, TN||Bazer, FW||Mayes, JS||Watson, GH

publication date

  • January 1994