Extension of corpus luteum lifespan and reduction of uterine secretion of prostaglandin F2 alpha of cows in response to recombinant interferon-tau.
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Two experiments tested the effect of recombinant ovine and bovine interferon-tau on corpus luteum lifespan, interestrous interval, and oxytocin-induced uterine secretion of prostaglandin F2 alpha. Cows received intrauterine injections of 100 micrograms of recombinant ovine interferon-tau plus 1.4 mg of BSA or of 1.5 mg of BSA alone in Experiment 1 and 200 micrograms of recombinant bovine interferon-tau plus 1.3 mg of BSA or 1.5 mg of BSA alone in Experiment 2. Twice daily injections (0700 and 1900 h) were split evenly between the uterine horns from d 14 to 24 of the experimental estrous cycle via an AI pipette in Experiment 1 and via intrauterine catheters in Experiment 2. On d 17, cows were injected with 100 IU of oxytocin, and plasma was collected for analysis of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandinF2 alpha. Recombinant ovine interferon-tau extended the lifespan of the corpus luteum (27.5 vs. 19.2 d) and interestrous interval (30.5 vs. 20.6 d) and abolished the oxytocin-induced increase in 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandinF2 alpha, which peaked at 30 min for the BSA control group (210.8 pg/ml). Recombinant bovine interferon-tau also extended the lifespan of the corpus luteum (29.0 vs. 21.4 d) and interestrous interval (31.5 vs. 22.6 d) and abolished the oxytocin-induced increase in 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F2 alpha, which peaked at 30 min for the BSA control group (205.6 pg/ml). In conclusion, recombinant ovine interferon-tau and recombinant bovine interferon-tau were effective antiluteolytic agents in cattle.
author list (cited authors)
Meyer, M. D., Hansen, P. J., Thatcher, W. W., Drost, M., Badinga, L., Roberts, R. M., ... Bazer, F. W.
complete list of authors
Meyer, MD||Hansen, PJ||Thatcher, WW||Drost, M||Badinga, L||Roberts, RM||Li, J||Ott, TL||Bazer, FW