Extension of Corpus Luteum Lifespan and Reduction of Uterine Secretion of Prostaglandin F2α of Cows in Response to Recombinant Interferon-τ Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Two experiments tested the effect of recombinant ovine and bovine interferon-tau on corpus luteum lifespan, interestrous interval, and oxytocin-induced uterine secretion of prostaglandin F2 alpha. Cows received intrauterine injections of 100 micrograms of recombinant ovine interferon-tau plus 1.4 mg of BSA or of 1.5 mg of BSA alone in Experiment 1 and 200 micrograms of recombinant bovine interferon-tau plus 1.3 mg of BSA or 1.5 mg of BSA alone in Experiment 2. Twice daily injections (0700 and 1900 h) were split evenly between the uterine horns from d 14 to 24 of the experimental estrous cycle via an AI pipette in Experiment 1 and via intrauterine catheters in Experiment 2. On d 17, cows were injected with 100 IU of oxytocin, and plasma was collected for analysis of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandinF2 alpha. Recombinant ovine interferon-tau extended the lifespan of the corpus luteum (27.5 vs. 19.2 d) and interestrous interval (30.5 vs. 20.6 d) and abolished the oxytocin-induced increase in 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandinF2 alpha, which peaked at 30 min for the BSA control group (210.8 pg/ml). Recombinant bovine interferon-tau also extended the lifespan of the corpus luteum (29.0 vs. 21.4 d) and interestrous interval (31.5 vs. 22.6 d) and abolished the oxytocin-induced increase in 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F2 alpha, which peaked at 30 min for the BSA control group (205.6 pg/ml). In conclusion, recombinant ovine interferon-tau and recombinant bovine interferon-tau were effective antiluteolytic agents in cattle.

author list (cited authors)

  • Meyer, M. D., Hansen, P. J., Thatcher, W. W., Drost, M., Badinga, L., Roberts, R. M., ... Bazer, F. W.

citation count

  • 116

publication date

  • September 1995