Land-based production of animal protein: impacts, efficiency, and sustainability. Academic Article uri icon


  • Land-based production of high-quality protein by livestock and poultry plays an important role in improving human nutrition, growth, and health, as well as economical and social developments worldwide. With exponential growth of the global population and marked rises in meat consumption per capita, demands for animal-source protein are expected to increase by 72% between 2013 and 2050. This raises concerns about the sustainability and environmental impacts of animal agriculture. An attractive solution to meeting the increasing needs for animal products and mitigating undesired effects of agricultural practices is to enhance the efficiency of animal growth, reproduction, and lactation. Breeding techniques may help achieve this goal, but have only met with limited success. A promising, mechanism-based approach is to optimize the proportion and amounts of amino acids in diets for maximizing whole-body protein synthesis and feed efficiency. Improvements in farm animal productivity will not only decrease the contamination of soils, groundwater, and air by excessive manure, but will also help sustain animal agriculture to produce high-quality protein for the expanding population in the face of diminishing resources.

published proceedings

  • Ann N Y Acad Sci

altmetric score

  • 45.95

author list (cited authors)

  • Wu, G., Bazer, F. W., & Cross, H. R.

citation count

  • 46

complete list of authors

  • Wu, Guoyao||Bazer, Fuller W||Cross, H Russell

publication date

  • November 2014