Solar Hydrogen Production via a Samarium Oxide-Based Thermochemical Water Splitting Cycle Academic Article uri icon


  • 2016 by the authors. The computational thermodynamic analysis of a samarium oxide-based two-step solar thermochemical water splitting cycle is reported. The analysis is performed using HSC chemistry software and databases. The first (solar-based) step drives the thermal reduction of Sm2O3into Sm and O2. The second (non-solar) step corresponds to the production of H2via a water splitting reaction and the oxidation of Sm to Sm2O3. The equilibrium thermodynamic compositions related to the thermal reduction and water splitting steps are determined. The effect of oxygen partial pressure in the inert flushing gas on the thermal reduction temperature (TH) is examined. An analysis based on the second law of thermodynamics is performed to determine the cycle efficiency (cycle) and solar-to-fuel energy conversion efficiency (solar to fuel) attainable with and without heat recuperation. The results indicate that hcycle and hsolar to fuel both increase with decreasing TH, due to the reduction in oxygen partial pressure in the inert flushing gas. Furthermore, the recuperation of heat for the operation of the cycle significantly improves the solar reactor efficiency. For instance, in the case where TH= 2280 K, cycle= 24.4% and solar to fuel= 29.5% (without heat recuperation), while cycle= 31.3% and solar to fuel= 37.8% (with 40% heat recuperation).

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Bhosale, R., Kumar, A., AlMomani, F., Ghosh, U., Anis, M. S., Kakosimos, K., Shende, R., & Rosen, M. A.

citation count

  • 57

complete list of authors

  • Bhosale, Rahul||Kumar, Anand||AlMomani, Fares||Ghosh, Ujjal||Anis, Mohammad Saad||Kakosimos, Konstantinos||Shende, Rajesh||Rosen, Marc A

publication date

  • January 2016